Trachycarpus fortunei
Palmier à chanvre

Trachycarpus fortunei, commonly known as the windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a hardy evergreen palm native to central and eastern China. Recognized for its fan-shaped leaves and slender, fibrous trunk, it can grow up to 12-20 meters tall, making it a striking addition to landscapes.

The windmill palm was introduced to Europe in the mid-19th century, first brought to England by the Scottish botanist Robert Fortune in 1844 from his plant-hunting expeditions in China. Its exotic appearance and ability to withstand cooler European climates quickly made it popular.

In Switzerland, particularly in the Ticino region, the windmill palm spread extensively, becoming a symbol of the area's unique cultural identity. However, it is also considered invasive, as it competes with native vegetation and alters local ecosystems. Despite its invasive status, the windmill palm remains an iconic part of Ticino's landscape, reflecting both its ornamental value and the ecological challenges it presents.

Migration route of Trachycarpus fortunei.

Occurrence: Southeast Asia
Distribution in Switzerland: Ticino (invasive)
Color: Green
Maximum Height: 15 meters
Annual Growth: 30-60 cm/year
Root: Shallow root
Soil: Sandy-loamy, rich in humus, permeable
Winter Hardiness Zone: 8
Price: 295 CHF, H mB/Co 90-100

Price: 1,034 CHF, H mB/Co StU 16

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